Mr. Carter joined the FCC from the Columbia Institute for Tele-Information(CITI) at Columbia University, where he was Deputy Director. As the leading academic research institute focusing on telecommunications economics and policy, the Institute is closely monitored as a barometer for emerging trends within the industry. Mr. Carter served as the Institute's liaison to corporations, policy-makers, and the press in the U.S., Europe, and Asia, providing analysis on topical issues. At CITI, he managed CITI’s various research projects, including the development of the first web-based graduate-level distance education course for business students. He was a Director of the Virtual Institute of Information, CITI’s on-line research platform, and was also responsible for the coordination of the MBA concentration in the Management of Entertainment, Communications, and Media at Columbia Business School. He was appointed Associate Director of CITI in June 1998 after having been a legal research assistant as a law student. Mr. Carter was instrumental in establishing an industry research center at the Institute, with a $1.2 million grant from the Alfred P. Sloan Foundation. He remains a Senior Research Fellow at the Institute.
Kenneth Carter is Counsel at CloudFlare in San Francisco, CA. CloudFlare protects and accelerates websites by automatically optimizing the delivery of web pages so visitors get the best performance possible. He was previously Policy Counsel for Advanced Networks and Access Services at Google in Mountain View, CA. At Google, he was responsible for developing the company’s global telecommunications policy strategy. Mr. Carter also served as policy counsel for two of Google's most important products: Android and Fiber.
Before joining Google, he was a Senior Consultant in the NGN and Internet Economics Department at WIK Consult GmbH, in Bad Honnef, Germany. WIK-Consult GmbH is the for-profit consulting arm of the Wissenschaftliches Institut für Infrastruktur und Kommunikationsdienste (Scientific Institute for Infrastructure and Communication Services), Germany's leading research and advisory institute for communication services. The NGN and Internet Economics Department takes an interdisciplinary approach, to provide critical analysis and insight to assist regulators and market players in tackling complex strategic and tactical questions regarding NGNs. At WIK, he advised both private- and public-sector clients on matters relating to Next Generation Networks, particularly emerging issues or issues of first impression which cross traditionally-defined industries and classifications. Mr. Carter also proposed a new mechanism for spectrum trading and assignment which can be as much as 80% more efficient than conventional auctions.
Prior to joining wik-Consult in April 2007, Mr. Carter was Senior Counsel for Business and Economics in the Office of Strategic Planning and Policy Analysis (OSP) at the Federal Communications Commission (FCC). The Office, frequently referred to as the FCC’s "think tank", works to develop a strategic plan identifying short- and long-term policy objectives for the Commission. OSP is responsible for monitoring the state of the communications industry to identify trends, emerging issues, and overall industry health. Mr. Carter's role was that of an internal consultant to the Commission, focusing on three major areas: industry intelligence, agency planning, and spectrum policy. At the FCC, he provided the Chairman, Commissioners, and other senior staff with financial, business, and market analysis regarding emerging trends to assist the Commission in understanding the future implications of current issues. Mr. Carter co-authored OSP Working Paper #39, "Unlicensed and Unshackled", widely-cited as an authority on the use of license-exempt spectrum. In addition, Mr. Carter, was selected to receive the FCC Excellence in Economic Analysis Award. Through this prestigious award, Chairman Kevin Martin recognized the cutting edge experimental economic analysis completed by Mr. Carter and two of his FCC colleagues, Dr. Mark Bykowsky and Dr. William Sharkey. The series economic experiments breaks ground for market-informed radio spectrum policies. At the FCC, he also served on several working groups, including the IT Steering Committee, and was the Legal Co-Chair of Research and Development Subcommittee of the Spectrum Policy Task Force.
Mr. Carter has worked for the Federal Trade Commission on such issues as the FTC's jurisdiction over resellers of prepaid telecommunication services and the deceptive advertising of tariff rates. He began his career in media and communications, having worked for MTV Networks, Island Records, and the international television syndication firm, D.L. Taffner.
Mr. Carter has served on several advisory boards and committees. He served on International Advisory Forum on Next Generation Broadband Networks. Minister Eamon Ryan of the Department of Communications, Energy and Natural Resources established this Advisory Forum of senior telecoms experts and CEOs from around the world in order to advise him on the optimum role for Government in the development of Next Generation Broadband in the Republic of Ireland. From 2004 to 2007, Mr. Carter served on the Program Committee of the annual Telecommunications Policy Research Conference (TPRC), acting as Vice Chairman for the Thirty Fourth and Thirty Fifth Annual Conferences.
Mr. Carter earned an Executive MBA from Columbia Business School (Dean's List) while working full-time as the Deputy Director of CITI. Mr. Carter received his JD from the Benjamin N. Cardozo School of Law. While in law school, he was a member of the Cardozo Arts Entertainment Law Journal and President of the Cardozo Asian and Pacific Law Students Association. Mr. Carter was awarded an Alexander Judicial Fellowship, serving as a full-time junior clerk in the chambers of Hon. John C. Lifland, U.S.D.J. He was graduated from Colgate University with a BA in Economics and East Asian Studies after studying abroad in England and Japan. Mr. Carter grew up in New York, where he attended Horace Mann School.
Mr. Carter is an avid scuba diver and has a certification of Rescue Diver. He is proficient in Japanese and studies Japanese archery, called “Kyudo”. Mr. Carter lives in Mountain View, CA with his wife, Elizabeth, and their son, Jaydon.
CloudFlare, San Francisco, CA
Counsel, August 2013 - Present
Google, Public Policy and Government Relations, Mountain View, CA
Policy Counsel for Advanced Networks, May 2011 – March 2013
Worked cross-functionally and cross-product to advise on a variety of matters related to policy and government affairs.
wik-Consult GmbH, NGN and Internet Economics Department, Bad Honnef, Germany
Senior Consultant, April 2007 - May 2011
The WIK is Germany’s leading research and advisory organization for communication services. The Department advises both private- and public-sector clients on matters relating to Next Generation Networks, particularly emerging issues or issues of first impression which cross traditionally-defined industries and classifications.
Federal Communications Commission, Office of Strategic Planning,Washington, DC
Senior Counsel for Business and Economics, (promoted to Senior Counsel) September 2002 - April 2007
The Office, in concert with the Chairman, Commissioners, Bureaus, and other Offices, works to develop a strategic plan identifying short- and long-term policy objectives.
Deputy Director, (promoted from Associate Director) June 1998 – August 2002
The Columbia Institute for Tele-Information (CITI) is a university-based research center focusing on economic, strategy, management, and policy issues in telecommunications, computing, and electronic mass media industries.
- The Broadband Economy and Emerging Markets in Bandwidth
- Mass Media Content for Mobile Wireless Communications
- Television Over the Internet
- The Telecommunications Industry and Financial Markets
- Resilience of Communications Networks in Times of Disaster
Legal Intern, Summer 1997
Wrote legal memoranda on the FTC's jurisdiction over vendors of prepaid telephone calling cards and obtained a preliminary injunction. Wrote and presented a legal memorandum advising FTC attorneys of the Fed. R. Evid. 702 standards to admit scientific evidence under Daubert v. Dow Merrell Pharmaceuticals.
Honorable John C. Lifland, U.S. District Court for the District of New Jersey
Alexander Judicial Fellow, Spring 1997
Competitively selected by a faculty committee to serve as a full-time junior clerk in a federal judge's chambers for academic credit. Researched and wrote memoranda and draft opinions on a broad range of civil legal issues. Assisted Judge in matters before the Court.
Island Records, Inc., New York, NY
Law Clerk, Summer 1996
Performed due diligence to determine Island’s copyrights and contractual obligations affecting business transactions. Created deal memoranda abstracting recording contracts.
DLT Entertainment, Ltd., New York, NY
Sales and Research Assistant, 1993 - 1995
Created contracts and sales reports for international and domestic television program sales. Evaluated business requirements and implemented software to catalogue program titles for license. Tracked performance of syndicated television programs in Nielsen metered markets.
Allegiance Group, New York, NY
Computer Consultant to MTV Networks, 1992 - 1993
Served as liaison between IS and accounting departments for the analysis and development of software for accounts receivable, needed to accommodate rapid growth in MTV's business.
Committee, IEEE DySPAN 2012, Seattle, WA.
Board, Journal info, United Kingdom.
Program Committee, IEEE DySPAN 2011, Aachen, Germany.
Fellow, Center for Global Communications, International
University of Japan.
Advisory Forum on Next Generation Broadband/Networks,
Minister Eamon Ryan, TD, Department of Communications,
Energy and Natural Resources, Ireland.
Chair, Program Committee, Telecommunications Research
Conference, Arlington, VA.
Steering Committee, Federal Communications Commission,
Co-Chair, R&D Subcommittee, Spectrum Policy Task
Force, FCC, Washington, DC.
Research Fellow, CITI, Columbia University, New York,
Business School, New York, NY
Supreme Court of the United States (April 24, 2006).
District of Columbia (September 11, 2000).
New York State, First Department (October 26, 1998).
English - mother tongue
Japanese - conversational fluency, elementary reading and writing
German - conversational speaking, elementary reading and writing
French - elementary speaking, reading, writing
Kenneth R. Carter, et al., The
strategic and regulatory aspects of cooperation in
broadband NGA network build-outs, WIK Diskussionsbeitrag
(in German) (June 2011).
J. Scott Marcus, et al., Network
Challenges and responses in the EU and in the U.S.,
European Parliament, Directorate General for Internal
Department A: Economic and Scientific Policy Internal
Consumer Protection (May 2011).
Carter and J. Scott Marcus, Summary
online consultation results regarding the MEDIA
Programme after 2013, European Commission
J. Scott Marcus, et al., Harmonisierung der
PPDR Funkfrequenzen in Deutschland, Europa und weltweit
Spectrum Harmonisation in Germany, Europe and Globally)
Kenneth R. Carter, Basi concettuali e
fondamenti economici della neutralità rete,
seminari bordoni, (in Italian) (December 2010).
Carter, et al, A Comparison of
Approaches in: the
U.S., Japan, and the European Union, International
Telecommunications Society 18th Biennial Conference,
and 38th Annual
Policy Research Conference, Washington, DC (SSRN #1658093)
and State Aid in the European Union
in the Era of NGN), Nextcom
Issue 2 (SSRN #1659938
in Japanese and SSRN #1659940
in English) (June 2010).
Kenneth R. Carter, ネットワークの中立性の経済 学～FCCとEC における競争及びネットワークの開放政策の変化が示すもの (Network Neutrality at the US Federal Communications Commission and European Commission Implications for Open Networks and Competition) ITUジャーナル, Journal of the ITU Association of Japan, Volume 40 Number 1 pp. 30 -36 (in Japanese) (January 2010).
Kenneth R. Carter, Next Generation Spectrum Regulation for Europe: Price-Guided Radio Policy, WIK Diskussionsbeitäge Nr. 326 (SSRN #1522038) (November 2009).
Carter and J. Scott Marcus,
et al., Study
on options for
the future of ETNS, European
General, Information Society & Media (DG8) (excerpt)
Marcus, et al., Separation
Telstra: Economic considerations, international
Study for the Australian Competitive
Coalition (June 2, 2009).
Carter and Christian Wernick, Mobiltelefone:
und iPhone exklusiv bei T-Mobile, Kurz Kommentiert,
Heft 2, at p. 78 (in German) (February 2009).
Kenneth R. Carter, et al., Network
Implications for Europe, WIK Newsletter Nr. 73, at
19 (December 2008).
Kenneth R. Carter and J. Scott Marcus,
Auction for Spectrum Released in the Transition to
WIK Newsletter Nr. 71, at pp. 12-13 (June 2008).
Val Jervis, Safety
Reinvesting the Digital Dividend in Safeguarding
Report) (May 5, 2008) (SSRN #1088706).
Kill: a Brief History of the FCC Part 15 Rules,
Genesis of Unlicensed Wireless Policy: An
Project Conference, George Mason University School of
Law (April 4,
2008) (SSRN #1120465).
et al., Enhancing
Value via Market-Informed Congestion Etiquettes, FCC OSP
Series (February 2008)
et al., Tuning
Innovation System: Final Report of the Study of the
IST-RTD on Key Strategic Objectives Related to Growth
and Jobs, European
General, Information Society & Media (DG8) (February 2008).
Marcus, et al., The
of IP Interconnection: Technical, Economic and Public
Aspects, European Commission, Directorate
General, Information Society & Media (DG8) (January
Marcus, et al., Comparison
Privacy and Trust Policies in the Area of Electronic
General, Information Society & Media (DG8) (July 2007)
Kenneth R. Carter, Policy Lessons from Personal Communications Services: A Hohfeldian Analysis of Licensed vs. Unlicensed Spectrum Access, Telecommunications Policy Research Conference (October 2004).
of Joint OSP-OET White Paper on Unlicensed
Their Regulatory Issues into
Journal), Research Institute
of Telecommunication Economics,
(Spring 2003) (SSRN #1086943).
Kenneth R. Carter, et al., Unlicensed and Unshackled: A Joint OSP-OET White Paper on Unlicensed Devices and Their Regulatory Issues, FCC OSP Working Paper Series (Citations and Filed Comments) (May 2003) (SSRN #1086626).
Kenneth R. Carter, et al., NTT DoCoMo, USA: Can It Bring the Wireless Internet to America?, Chazen Web J. of Intl. Bus., Issue II (April 15, 2003) (SSRN #1086642).
Kenneth R. Carter, et al., Spectrum Licenses as Sunk Costs: A Critique of an FCC Working Paper, CITI Working Paper Series (May 2001).
Kenneth R. Carter, Spectrum Licenses as Long-Lived Assets, CITI Working Paper Series (April 2001).
Production Manager, Eli M. Noam, Interconnecting the Network of Networks (MIT Press, 2001).
Kenneth R. Carter and Ivana Kriznic, Internet Services and New Regulations in Argentina, 8 Latin Am. Law & Bus. Rep. 2 (August 2000) (SSRN #1088705).
Production Manager, Eli M. Noam, Ownership and Concentration in the U.S. Communications Industry (forthcoming).
Kenneth R. Carter, Admission by Party Proponent: Polygraph Evidence under the Federal Rules of Evidence and the Fifth Amendment, 71 pages (1997) (unpublished, on file with the author).
Kenneth R. Carter, The Virtual Article of Manufacture: The Design Patentability of Computer-Generated Icons, 55 pages (1996) (CITI Working Paper 919).
A Comparison of Network Neutrality Approaches in: the U.S., Japan, and the European Union, International Telecommunications Society 18th Biennial Conference, Tokyo, Japan (June 27-30, 2010).
National Strategies for Ultrabroadband Infrastructure Deployment: Experiences and Challenges, WIK International Conference, Berlin, Germany (April 26-27, 2010).
Improving the Effectiveness and Efficiency of Spectrum Use by the Public Sector,
The Political Economy of Network Neutrality, Keynote Speaker, ITU Association of Japan, Tokyo, Japan (September 30, 2009).
Telecommunications Policy Research Conference, Presenter,
Westminster eForum Keynote Seminar: Emergency Services & Public Safety Spectrum, Speaker, International Perspective - Allocating Blue and Amber Light Spectrum, London, England (June 11, 2009).
Neutralità della rete e aspetti socio-economici, Keynote Speaker, Fondazione Ugo Bordoni, Rome, Italy (video, May 15, 2009).
Workshop on the Efficient Use of Radio Frequency, National Commission for Communications Regulation of Ukraine, Speaker, Next Generation Spectrum Policy, Mission Critical Broadband PSS Networks, Kiev, Ukraine (April 22, 2009).
PolicyTracker Public Sector Spectrum Conference, Speaker, Broadband networks for safety of life services panel, Brussels, Belgium (April 21, 2009).
Workshop on ETNS, Co-organizer, Brussels, Belgium (by invitation only, March 26, 2009).
Challenges for FTTB/H in Europe, Session Chair, International WIK conference, Berlin, Germany (March 23-24, 2009).
International Telecommunications Society, 19th European Regional Conference, Speaker, Network Neutrality in Europe and The History of Licence-Exempt Spectrum Policy in the United States. LUISS Guido Carli University, Rome (September 18-20, 2008).
SuperNova 2008, Does Broadband Have a Future?, San Francisco, CA (June 16-18, 2008).
PSC Europe Forum Annual Assembly, Keynote Speaker, “Safety First: Reinvesting the Digital Dividend in Broadband Mission Critical Communications for Public Safety”, Ljubljana, Slovenia (June 10th - 11th 2008.)
Review of the European Framework for Electronic Communications, Speaker, Regulatory Reform outside of Europe, Bonn, Germany, (April 24-25, 2008).
The Genesis of Unlicensed Wireless Policy, Featured Speaker, Unlicensed to Kill: A Brief History of Part 15 Rules, George Mason University, Arlington, VA (April 4, 2008).
GPON Deployment Forum, Presenter, IIR Telecoms, Amsterdam, Netherlands (December 3-6, 2007).
Implications for Europe, Organizer, WIK, Bonn,
(December 3-4, 2007).
Program Committee Vice Chair and Presenter,
Program Committee Member,
Camp NARUC 2005,
Broadband Wireless: WiMax Licensing Regimes and Municipal Wireless Networks in the United States, Keynote, KITI and The Broadband Association, Tokyo, Japan (English version) (June 6, 2005).
Plenary Session Moderator and Presenter, University
Wireless Internet Institute, Philadelphia, PA (
of the Spectrum Frontier: What spectrum allocation
when and where?, Presenter, Columbia University
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